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Crushing Technical Debt Before It Crushes You

Free up a third of your application maintenance staff, increasing your capacity to deliver, by refactoring with the right low code platform.

While clients demand application solutions, they rarely know what they really need until well into the development process. So how do you design for something with so much uncertainty? It doesn’t seem fair, yet you’re still expected to deliver.

As a result, layering changes leads to compounding complexity, making future updates increasingly tedious. At some point, your architecture is no longer ideal, maybe even counter-productive, eventually worth re-writing. With each iteration, you get closer to what is needed, but compromises are also made for the sake of speed. These shortcuts lead to snowballing "fix it later" code, and as a result, even more technical debt. This technical debt can cause almost twice the time to affect changes as when you first started. McKinsey reports 60% of CIOs see their technical debt rising, taking up to 20% of new initiatives’ budgets. Costs and budget impacts follow.

Our low-code platform, Graphite Studio, turns visual models into readable source code, eliminating growing complications, with every deployment. Only Graphite Studio offers Objective Model creation, combined with Refactoring, for any size application. Objective Modeling and Refactoring regenerates the solution, re-optimizes the application and even updates the database at each and every build. Anyone can get a clean, technically debt-free application built after each and every change. Our customers tell us that eliminating common causes of application technical debt has allowed them to become three to six times more productive, reducing their overall cost of innovation.

What is technical debt? 

Technical debt is the accumulation of work that must be done in the future due to unsustainable development practices. It builds unintentionally. The faster the client’s need changes, the more pressure there is to quickly fix and re-model or architect later. Once you’ve compromised on good practices for the sake of speed, you’re building debt faster than value.

Tech Debt Chart

Amid prior patchwork, technical debt also includes the additional time needed to affect required changes, updates or fixes. This double-cost is double-burdensome. Once a more ideal architectural and object model becomes apparent, how will you dedicate re-writes when so much more effort goes into keeping your clients’ delivery schedules. It’s a snowball effect. 

What causes tech debt? 

There are at least three leading causes of technical debt, the widening Upskill gap being the elephant in the room. Languages, both new ones and versions, evolve with the intention of being more productive. Yet, as the “the stack” continues to grow, we’re choking our industry with an ever-increasing amount to learn. Most must learn new languages on their time rather than investing working weekdays for live training classes. This upskill gap constrains development as technical debt.

The second cause: Technical debt mounds from never anticipated iterative changes (as described above), obsoleting the original model’s support. Restructuring your object model by hand must be carefully thought through, or even the most minor iteration becomes impractical, and wider re-writes are necessary to pay down mounting technical debt.

Finally, process, frameworks and tool costs are getting out of control. Having a single integrated development environment (IDE), or one that can work with tools you’re planning to keep, consolidates the cost and learning curves that contribute to technical debt. Think about testing, debugging, deployment, database creation, multiple security guardrails, etc. Empowering the developer saves them time by reducing their “stack” to one discipline and expands their capabilities in both the team’s and organization’s favor.

How does technical debt affect performance? 

Everyone competes for performance, customers, profits and meeting governance. From those creating the solutions, leading teams, answering to the business and funding innovation to the entire organization’s future, technical debt affects the performance of every facet of a company.   You’re either moving towards a better tomorrow or finding your way to a bad Tetris™ game. Think layoffs or distressed buyouts, one iteration at a time, as you lose customers to more innovative choices.


Creating the right application always requires iterations. Along the way, structure, models and architecture are at risk for obsolescence, and at some point, will no longer be able to ideally support the eventual solution. The more technical debt, the more difficult it is to maintain the applications, which takes valuable resources from new initiatives. Since innovation is at the heart of pursuing competitive advantages, a strategy to explore new ways of developing applications may be a way to avoid compounding technical debt in the first place. Immediate benefits from trying this approach lead to overall portfolio healthiness, responsiveness and prosperity for all.

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Byron Druss is the head of Marketing and Sales at Graphite GTC, makers of Graphite Studio™. Graphite Studio delivers the promise of low and no code development, enabling anyone to begin creating impactful solutions without having to wait for highly skilled resources. Working with their own developers, users can speed up innovation with the confidence that enterprise-class capabilities are automatically built-in and configurable. Graphite Studio enables you to gain competitive advantages with less resources, effort and technical debt. Just bring your domain expertise. Develop solutions, not code. 

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